While other meals can be used to an extent, soya meal is the best protein source for the poultry industry. Annually, the poultry industry requires around 50 lakh tonnes of soya meal, which needs 95-100 lakh tonnes of the oilseed.
Poultry farmers and breeders have written to Prime Minister Narendra Modi, asking his intervention for a ban on the future trade of soybean. In their letter, the chairman of All India Poultry Breeders and Farmers Association has also asked for duty-free import of 12 lakh tonnes of soybean to meet the demands of the poultry industry.
For the poultry industry, soybean is the raw material for the much-needed protein source in the form of deoiled soybean cake or meal — the solid substance left after oil is expelled from the meal. While other meals can be used to an extent, soya meal is the best protein source for the poultry industry. Annually, the poultry industry requires around 50 lakh tonnes of soya meal, which needs 95-100 lakh tonnes of the oilseed.
Interestingly, this would be the second time a demand has gone up for ban on future trades of soybean. Earlier in October last year, the Soyabean Processors Association of India (SOPA) — the body of processors- had made a similar demand for ban on future trades of the oilseed.
Back then, SOPA had blamed the unhealthy activities on the Commodities Markets for the abnormal rise in the physical markets. Estimates by SOPA had talked of India producing 104.552 lakh tonnes of soybean, which should be enough to meet the demands of the domestic poultry industry.
Bahadur Ali, Chariman of the All India Poultry Breeders and Farmers Association claimed the present price rise in soybeans is mostly due to speculation in the future markets by stockists. Contracts which expire on April 20, on the future’s trading platform of National Commodity and Derivatives Exchange (NCDEX) is presently at Rs 6,218 per quintal, while those expiring on May is Rs 6,070 per quintal.
Average traded prices of the oilseed in Maharashtra’s Latur market is now trading at Rs 5,970. The government declared minimum support price (MSP) of the oilseed is Rs 3,880. Oilseed farmers have realised above MSP prices throughout the season this year.
The abnormal increase of DOC prices has led to the industry to demand for duty-free import of 12 lakh tonnes of soybeans. Ali confirmed such a demand has gone up from the industry after a long time. DOC prices, Ali said, was around Rs 51.57 per kg as against the Rs 34.80 levels which the meal was trading in April 2020. “The increase in meal prices has led to an increase in prices of chicken and eggs which has hurt the consumers,” he said.