Avian Influenza Ravages South African Poultry Industry: 7.5 Million Chickens Culled, Triggering Shortages in Poultry and Eggs

South Africa finds itself in the midst of a poultry apocalypse, with over 7.5 million chickens culled to combat the rampant avian influenza. The government, alongside the national poultry association, attempts to downplay the severity of the situation, but the grim reality is painted by the decimation of at least 205,000 chickens in over 60 outbreaks across the nation.

The culling frenzy extends to 2.5 million meat-bred chickens and an additional 5 million egg-layers, collectively representing 20-30% of the country’s total chicken stock. The government hastily scrambles to issue import permits for eggs, signaling a desperate attempt to stave off the impending crisis for consumers. Neighboring Namibia has already shut its doors to chicken imports from South Africa, intensifying the isolation.

The Poultry industry, here, already on life support due to an electricity crisis. The South African Poultry Association reveals losses exceeding $25 million, citing these outbreaks as the worst in recent history. Vaccine importation and readiness, a glimmer of hope, are mired in a timeline of two to six months.

Wilhelm Mare, chairman of the South African Veterinary Association’s poultry group, predicts a prolonged nightmare, deeming the situation “catastrophic” for the industry. The woes compound as bird flu collides with a history of electricity blackouts, resulting in the culling of nearly 10 million chicks earlier in the year. In a desperate attempt to deflect blame, the poultry industry directs its ire at countries like Brazil, Denmark, Poland, Spain, and the United States, accusing them of “dumping” cheap chicken products and threatening local businesses. This industry, already teetering on the edge, now faces an existential threat that could have far-reaching consequences for South Africa’s food security and economic stability.

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